Steinbeck, in addition to presenting the reader with much evidence that his phalanx theory is for the better of everyone, expresses self-reliance will inevitably be converted to reliance on the ideological phalanx. For example, the landowners and businessmen think only selfishly when they create a system which puts many families on a poverty level of living. In Chapter Thirteen Steinbeck also expresses greed as being created by the self. It consists of corporate gas companies having preyed upon the gas station attendant who the Joads meet. The attendant insults the Joads and hesitates to help them. Later however, the Joads experience an instance of kindness as as created by the self: Mae sells bread and sweets to a man and his sons at a very low price. Some truckers at the coffee shop witness this transaction and react by giving Mae an extra-large tip.
This transaction demonstrates the inevitability of the occurrence of the phalanx theory because, though the relationship between the Joads and the waitress begun with an unfriendly nature, their relationship ended up to be in the interest of Mae.
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